Garlic, is a species in the onion family Alliaceae. Garlic is a common household name known for its rich aroma and flavor. It is a common spice used in daily meals. It has been used throughout history for both culinary and medicinal purposes. The garlic plant's bulb is the most commonly used part of the plant. It is a native of West Asia and Mediterranean area. China, Korea, India, USA, Spain, Argentina and Egypt are the major garlic growing countries. It has many minerals and important nutrients. It is rich source of calcium, iron, sodium and potassium. It have abundant fatty acids and unsaturated. This herb is used for millennium to strengthen the immune system.
Garlic has been used around the world for many centuries due to its health-giving properties. Hippocrates, the father of Western medicine (470-358 B.C.), mentioned this herb in his medical notes and recommended its use for a variety of health conditions. Egyptians used to worship garlic, believing that it promoted good health, strength and endurance. It has also been used as an aphrodisiac throughout the ages